Flanked by Andean peaks and rising to an altitude of over 3000m (10,000ft), the fertile valley of the Urubamba River was the bread basket of the Inca empire as well as providing safe passage from high mountain passes to the jungles of the Amazon basin. Today it is a patchwork of farming terraces, small villages, stunning scenery and small Inca ruins. Popular visitor sites include the town of Pisac with its colourful market on Sundays, Tuesdays and Thursdays, and the Inca town and temple fortress of Ollantaytambo.
Highlights of Peru
The Sacred Valley of the Incas